Buffalo Turquoise

8 min read Jul 01, 2024
Buffalo Turquoise

The Alluring Beauty of Buffalo Turquoise

The captivating allure of turquoise has been cherished for centuries, a gemstone that embodies the spirit of the earth and the vibrancy of the sky. Among the many varieties, Buffalo turquoise stands out as a unique and highly prized gem. Its rich history, distinctive characteristics, and cultural significance make it a sought-after treasure for collectors and artisans alike.

A Glimpse into the Past: The History of Buffalo Turquoise

Buffalo turquoise, also known as Kingman turquoise or Sleeping Beauty turquoise, has its origins in the southwestern United States, particularly in the famed Kingman mine in Arizona. This mine, discovered in 1880, became a legendary source of some of the world's most beautiful and highly valued turquoise. The vibrant blue-green hues and intricate matrix patterns of Buffalo turquoise have captivated generations, making it a prized gemstone for Native American jewelry and art.

What Makes Buffalo Turquoise Special?

Buffalo turquoise possesses a distinctive beauty that sets it apart from other turquoise varieties. Its unique characteristics include:

  • Rich Blue-Green Hues: The color of Buffalo turquoise ranges from a deep blue to a vibrant green, often with intricate matrix patterns that add to its beauty.
  • Intricate Matrix Patterns: Buffalo turquoise is known for its intricate matrix patterns, which are formed by the presence of other minerals within the stone. These patterns can be subtle or dramatic, adding a unique character to each piece.
  • Durability: Buffalo turquoise is a relatively hard and durable gemstone, making it suitable for a variety of jewelry and art applications.

The Significance of Buffalo Turquoise in Native American Culture

Buffalo turquoise holds a profound cultural significance for many Native American tribes, particularly those residing in the southwestern United States. It is believed to possess spiritual and healing powers, representing the sky, the earth, and the connection between the two. The turquoise stone is often incorporated into traditional jewelry, ceremonial objects, and art, symbolizing protection, good luck, and spiritual harmony.

The Journey from Mine to Market: Sourcing and Cutting Buffalo Turquoise

The Buffalo turquoise mined at the Kingman mine is carefully extracted and then undergoes a meticulous process of sorting, cutting, and polishing. Skilled artisans carefully select the best specimens based on color, clarity, and matrix patterns. The stones are then cut and polished to reveal their full beauty, highlighting the intricate details of their natural formation.

The Alluring Beauty of Buffalo Turquoise Jewelry

Buffalo turquoise is a popular choice for jewelry, adding a touch of vibrant color and cultural significance to any piece. From simple earrings and pendants to intricate rings and necklaces, Buffalo turquoise jewelry is a testament to the beauty and versatility of this gemstone. The intricate matrix patterns and rich blue-green hues make each piece of Buffalo turquoise jewelry truly unique.

Beyond Jewelry: Other Uses of Buffalo Turquoise

Buffalo turquoise is not just a gemstone used for jewelry. Its beauty and cultural significance have also led to its use in other art forms, including:

  • Sculptures: Buffalo turquoise can be carved into intricate sculptures, showcasing the skill of the artisan and the beauty of the stone.
  • Decorative Objects: Buffalo turquoise is often incorporated into decorative objects like bowls, vases, and boxes, adding a touch of elegance and cultural flair to any space.

The Value of Buffalo Turquoise: A Gemstone Worth Investing In

Buffalo turquoise is a highly valued gemstone, with its price determined by factors such as color, clarity, matrix patterns, and the size and quality of the stone. Due to its limited supply and growing popularity, Buffalo turquoise is considered a valuable investment for collectors and gemstone enthusiasts.

Caring for Your Buffalo Turquoise

To preserve the beauty of your Buffalo turquoise jewelry or objects, it's essential to follow proper care instructions:

  • Avoid harsh chemicals: Buffalo turquoise is sensitive to harsh chemicals, so avoid exposing it to cleaning agents, perfumes, or lotions.
  • Protect from scratches: Buffalo turquoise is a relatively hard gemstone, but it can still be scratched by sharp objects. Store your jewelry or objects separately to prevent damage.
  • Clean gently: To clean your Buffalo turquoise, use a soft cloth dampened with warm water. Avoid using harsh detergents or abrasive cleaners.


Buffalo turquoise is a captivating gemstone, embodying the beauty of the earth and the vibrancy of the sky. Its unique characteristics, rich history, and cultural significance have made it a treasured gem for centuries. Whether you are a collector, an artisan, or simply appreciate the beauty of nature, Buffalo turquoise is a gemstone that will continue to captivate and inspire generations to come.



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