Difference Between Lapis Lazuli And Sodalite

7 min read Jul 01, 2024
Difference Between Lapis Lazuli And Sodalite

The Difference Between Lapis Lazuli and Sodalite: Unveiling the Secrets of These Stunning Blue Gemstones

Lapis lazuli and sodalite are both captivating gemstones, known for their mesmerizing blue hues. While often mistaken for each other due to their striking similarities, these minerals possess distinct characteristics that set them apart. Understanding the difference between lapis lazuli and sodalite is crucial for discerning collectors, jewelers, and anyone fascinated by the world of gemstones.

This article will delve into the intricacies of these two minerals, exploring their geological origins, physical properties, and the key differences that distinguish them. We will also delve into the historical and cultural significance of both lapis lazuli and sodalite, shedding light on their enduring appeal throughout the ages.

Geological Origins and Composition

Lapis lazuli and sodalite are both members of the sodalite group, a family of minerals known for their vibrant blue colors. However, their formation and composition differ significantly.

Lapis lazuli is a metamorphic rock composed of various minerals, primarily lazurite, which provides its characteristic deep blue color. It also contains calcite, pyrite, and other trace elements, which contribute to its unique patterns and shimmer. Lapis lazuli is formed under high pressure and heat, often found in marble deposits associated with limestone.

Sodalite, on the other hand, is a single mineral that crystallizes in the cubic system. It is primarily composed of sodium, aluminum, silicon, oxygen, and chlorine. Sodalite forms in various geological environments, including igneous and metamorphic rocks.

Physical Properties: Spotting the Distinguishing Traits

While both lapis lazuli and sodalite are known for their blue hues, closer inspection reveals several key differences in their physical properties.


  • Lapis lazuli: Deep, intense blue, often with streaks of white calcite and golden pyrite inclusions.
  • Sodalite: Can range from deep blue to lavender, grey-blue, or even white.


  • Lapis lazuli: Relatively soft, with a Mohs hardness of 5-5.5.
  • Sodalite: Slightly harder, with a Mohs hardness of 5.5-6.


  • Lapis lazuli: Usually opaque or translucent, making it less suitable for fine faceting.
  • Sodalite: Can be translucent to opaque, depending on the variety.


  • Lapis lazuli: Glassy to waxy luster.
  • Sodalite: Vitreous to greasy luster.


  • Lapis lazuli: Commonly exhibits pyrite inclusions, appearing as golden flecks or specks.
  • Sodalite: May contain inclusions of other minerals, but pyrite is less common.

Identifying Lapis Lazuli and Sodalite: A Closer Look

By combining the information about color, hardness, and inclusions, you can more confidently differentiate lapis lazuli from sodalite.

  • Lapis lazuli: Its rich, deep blue color with noticeable inclusions of calcite and pyrite is a hallmark. You will rarely see pure, uniform blue lapis lazuli.
  • Sodalite: Its blue hue can vary greatly, and it often appears in more uniform colors without the characteristic golden inclusions of pyrite.

Historical and Cultural Significance

Lapis lazuli has been prized for centuries, holding a prominent place in ancient civilizations. Its intense blue color symbolized royalty, spirituality, and divine power. Egyptians used it in elaborate jewelry, amulets, and decorative objects. The mineral also played a key role in ancient Mesopotamian art and architecture.

Sodalite gained popularity in the 19th century as a decorative and ornamental stone. While not as widely used as lapis lazuli, it has found its place in jewelry, sculptures, and decorative objects.

Lapis Lazuli vs. Sodalite: Which is Right for You?

The choice between lapis lazuli and sodalite depends on individual preferences and intended use.

Lapis lazuli offers a unique depth and character, captivating with its vibrant blue hue and contrasting inclusions. Its historical significance adds a layer of intrigue and mystique.

Sodalite, with its versatile range of blues and greater clarity, offers a more contemporary and subtle aesthetic. Its softer color variations appeal to those seeking a less intense, more understated beauty.


While both lapis lazuli and sodalite offer captivating beauty, understanding the difference between lapis lazuli and sodalite allows you to appreciate their unique characteristics and make informed decisions. Whether you're a seasoned collector or just beginning your journey into the world of gemstones, these two minerals are sure to capture your imagination with their captivating colors and rich history.



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