Why Is Turquoise Expensive

7 min read Jul 02, 2024
Why Is Turquoise Expensive

Why is Turquoise So Expensive?

Turquoise, with its captivating blue-green hues, has captivated humanity for centuries. From ancient civilizations to contemporary jewelry enthusiasts, turquoise has held a special place in our hearts and adornments. But what makes this gemstone so valuable, driving its price to sometimes astronomical levels? The answer lies in a complex interplay of factors that contribute to its scarcity, desirability, and cultural significance.

The Rarity of Turquoise

One of the primary reasons turquoise is expensive is its relative scarcity. Unlike diamonds, which are produced in controlled environments, turquoise is a naturally occurring gemstone found in limited quantities across the globe. Its formation requires a specific geological environment, making it a rare and prized mineral.

Turquoise mines are scattered across the world, with notable deposits in the United States, Iran, China, and Mexico. However, these mines are not all created equal. Certain mines produce turquoise with exceptional color, clarity, and stability, which are highly sought after and contribute significantly to their price.

The Desirability of Turquoise

Turquoise has a long history of cultural significance and symbolic meaning. It has been associated with good fortune, protection, and spiritual enlightenment in numerous civilizations. This cultural heritage and historical significance contribute to its enduring popularity and desirability.

Beyond its cultural associations, turquoise is highly prized for its distinctive color. The unique shade of blue-green, often described as "robin's egg blue" or "sky blue," is instantly recognizable and appealing. This vibrant and versatile color makes turquoise a popular choice for jewelry, art, and decorative objects.

The Quality of Turquoise

The quality of turquoise is a major determinant of its price. Color, clarity, stability, and hardness are all important factors in determining the value of a turquoise stone.

  • Color: The most desirable turquoise has a rich, vibrant blue-green color. The intensity and depth of the blue hue often play a major role in pricing.
  • Clarity: Clarity refers to the presence or absence of inclusions, such as cracks, fractures, or other internal imperfections. Turquoise with fewer inclusions is considered more valuable.
  • Stability: Some turquoise stones are more stable than others. This refers to the stone's ability to withstand changes in temperature, humidity, and exposure to light.
  • Hardness: Turquoise is a relatively soft stone, with a Mohs hardness of 5-6. This means that it can be easily scratched or damaged. Higher hardness is generally associated with higher value.

The Treatments of Turquoise

Turquoise is often treated to enhance its color, clarity, and stability. While some treatments are considered acceptable, others can significantly impact the value of the gemstone.

  • Stabilization: This treatment involves filling the pores of the turquoise with resin or other materials to improve its hardness and durability. It is a common practice, and stabilized turquoise can still be of high quality.
  • Dyeing: Dyeing is a more controversial treatment, and it can significantly decrease the value of the turquoise. This process involves artificially altering the color of the stone.
  • Waxing: Waxing is used to enhance the color and gloss of the turquoise. However, it can make the stone appear greasy and affect its natural beauty.

The Market Demand for Turquoise

The price of turquoise is also influenced by market demand. When demand is high, the price tends to rise. This is particularly true for high-quality turquoise from renowned mines or with specific desirable characteristics.

Factors that can influence market demand include:

  • Fashion Trends: The popularity of turquoise jewelry can fluctuate with fashion trends.
  • Economic Conditions: When the economy is strong, consumers tend to spend more on luxury items like turquoise jewelry.
  • Political Instability: Political instability in turquoise-producing countries can lead to disruptions in supply, which can impact prices.

The Cost of Production

The cost of mining, processing, and transporting turquoise also contributes to its price. These costs can vary depending on the location of the mine, the quality of the turquoise, and the labor involved.


The high price of turquoise is a result of its rarity, desirability, and cultural significance. Its distinctive blue-green color, its history of spiritual and protective associations, and its enduring popularity in jewelry and art contribute to its value. The quality of the turquoise, including its color, clarity, stability, and hardness, also play a significant role in determining its price. Furthermore, market demand, treatments, and the cost of production all influence the price of this beautiful and sought-after gemstone.



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